Maize and wheat flour mills

Prillwitz has been building and installing wheat and maize flour mills for more than 90 years.
In contrast to other types of milling, in this case, the milling is carried out in such a way that the different parts of the grain can be separated into flours, semolina, hulls, etc.
Within wheat, we can handle soft wheat, semi-hard wheat and durum wheat. And as for maize; vitreous maize, semi-vitreous maize, yellow maize, white maize, etc. We also make milling installations for other cereals such as rye, chickpeas, etc.

Description of the process of milling or grinding wheat and maize to obtain flour and meal

What is a flour mill?

As mentioned, milling with the objective of obtaining pure and refined flours and semolina separated from the husk and germ of the grain is not a simple milling process. Many precautions must be taken into account and different machines must be used in order to achieve high yields and the necessary purity or quality. For this, the following 2 processes are essential.


Cleaning the grain or Limpia: The first thing we have to do is to condition the grain. To do this, we must first remove all foreign products from the grain we want to grind. Clearly, if we do not separate, for example, soil, it will be ground and then mixed with the flour, contaminating it. More details in Cleaning the grain.

Limpieza de trigo

Grains cleaning

The correct condition of the grains is fundamental for their further milling. The main objective of the grain cleaning process is the separation and …

Grains cleaning Read More »

Milling or milling: Once the grain is ready to be milled, we cannot simply put it in a machine and grind it, as we would grind the husk together with the endosperm and everything would be mixed together, resulting in products that are contaminated with each other. What is necessary is a slow and complex process of milling and sifting with many types of machines. More details in Grain milling.

Plansichter PCA 10/32

Grain Milling

The machinery required for the milling and sifting process is fundamentally the same for different grains. In its correct location and use within the …

Grain Milling Read More »

Diagrama de un molino harinero de trigo

Wheat flour mill flow diagram.

Corn flour mill flow diagram.

01 – Raw material silo

02 – Tempering silo

03 – Separator

04 – Specific gravity separator

05 – Classifier

06 – Scourer

07 – Desgerminator

08 – Magnet

09 – Automatic dampening system

10 – Intensif damper

11 – Hammer mill

12 – Plansifter
13 – Roller mills

14 – Conical aspirator

15 – Purifier

16 – Brushing machines

17 – Detachers

18 – Storage silos

19 – Bagging machine 
20 – Gravity separator

21 – Conical Sifter
22 – Sleeve filter

23 – Truck

24 – Tank truck

25 – Automatic Weigher

01 – Raw material silo
02 – Tempering silo
03 – Separator
04 – Specific gravity separator
05 – Classifier
06 – Scourer
07 – Desgerminator
08 – Magnet
09 – Automatic dampening system
10 – Intensif damper
11 – Hammer mill
12 – Plansifter
13 – Roller mills
14 – Conical aspirator
15 – Purifier
16 – Brushing machines
17 – Detachers
18 – Storage silos
19 – Bagging machine
20 – Gravity separator
21 – Conical sifter
22 – Sleeve filter
23 – Truck
24 – Tank truck
25 – Automatic Weigher

What products or yields can we achieve in a flour mill?

If we analyse each type of cereal or grain, we will see that we basically have in them, husk, endosperm and germ. Each of these parts has physical behaviour and properties, which are used to achieve the objective of separating them as well as possible from each other. For example, the shell becomes more flexible when wet, the germ clumps together when squeezed, and so on.

Inside of maize and wheat grain

Components of a grain of wheat and maize

The endosperm of the grain, in turn, can be separated into the following milling components:

For example, in the case of common wheat:

  • Bread wheat flour or 000
  • Pasta wheat flour or 0000
  • wheat semolina or semolina
  • And in the case of maize

Maize semolina or polenta
Gritz or grits
Fine maize flour

In this way, the objective of the treatment that we will give to the cereal in the flour mill will be to separate its different parts, with the greatest possible precision and yield. If we look at the figure below, we will see that the wheat in it has a maximum of endosperm that can be transformed into baker’s flour or 000, pasta flour or 0000 and semolina. In the case of this wheat, the ideal yield is 83%. In short, the more complex and studied the mill diagram is, the closer we can get to this value. We also depend on a cultural factor in each country or region, which limits us with respect to the amount of husk or ash that we can accept in the flour.

Parts of wheat grain

83% – Flour and meal
14% – Bran or bran + bran bran + semolina or semithin
3% – Germ

Circulo de porcentaje MH

Extracted from Wikipedia

For more than 90 years, Prillwitz has been involved in the construction and installation of wheat and corn flour mills for the milling industry worldwide. We can not only supply you with all types of machinery and equipment for grain processing, but also, and above all, advise you in the realisation of your project.

Posibles edificios de molinos harineros de trigo o maíz

Some of the possible flour mill buildings

We have the necessary experience for the development of turnkey projects and their complete implementation, starting with the building and layout of the flour mill and ending with the automation of its different processes.

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